Wednesday, 2 April 2014

On 2 April is the World Autism Awareness Day, established by the UN. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that manifests itself during the first three years of life. The rate of autism in all regions of the world is high and has a tremendous impact on children, their families, communities and societies. 75% of adults suffering from Autism are unemployed. But things are improving and the awareness day will hopefully teach us more about autism. 

Photo: flickr.com mikeyono2005
There is good news! Companies have started to employ adults who suffer from this disorder. The Danish IT company Specialisterne employ people with autism to work with databases, software testing and programming. The company focuses on the strengths of people with autism : Attention to detail, low tolerance for mistakes, perseverance and loyalty. Specialisterne is currently active in ten countries around the world and collaborates with multinational companies like Nokia , Cisco, Microsoft and Oracle.

In Italy, the cosmetics company L'Oréal launched a long-term project to employ people with autism. The goal is that in the regular workforce engage young adults with autism into work with databases , filing , packaging, quality control and safety.

I had already heard that the global IT company hires people with autism because they are so thorough . With autism mean the full autism spectrum that includes autism , Asperger's syndrome and other pervasive developmental disorders .

What is Autism?

We hear more and more about autism today , but I have a feeling that not many people really know what the diagnosis means. I want to know more and dig into the homepage: www.autism.se :

Autism is a congenital or early acquired profound disabilities. The symptoms appear before the age of three. Autism often occurs together with other disabilities like mental retardation , epilepsy , visual and hearing impairments . More boys than girls are diagnosed .Autism comes from the Greek word autos , meaning self . Autism is one of the diagnoses within the autism spectrum that also includes Asperger syndrome, a typical autism and childhood disintegrative disorder .

For a child to be diagnosed with autism entails a substantial and qualitative limitations in three main areas ( they usually call this classification for Wings triad , by researcher Lorna Wings studies on autism in the 70s) ;

* The ability for social interaction ,* The ability for mutual communication ,* Imagination which affects the imagination , play, behaviors and interests.

Restrictions should be so severe that they affect the child's everyday life and the symptoms of autism should have been found before the age of three. Some very common difficulties that can be added are:  difficulties are mental retardation , epilepsy, visual and hearing impairments and speech impairments. Other common symptoms are abnormal sensory reactions , abnormal activity level, abnormal eating behavior , self-injurious behavior , tics and sleep abnormalities estimated 80 percent of the individuals diagnosed with autism have an IQ under 70.

Limited capacity for social interaction of people with autism have difficulties with social interaction, which is evident already at a young age . Lack of reciprocity and reduced ability to empathize with other people's perspective is the main problem.

Autism is a lifelong disability that can not be cured. However, children with autism should be helped at an early age by well-planned and individually tailored educational efforts .Research shows that it is extremely important to inform and train parents and other people in the child's environment at an early stage.y This, along with appropriate support helps the child develop. Efforts must be based on knowledge of autism and how it affects learning ability. One of the main goals is to help the child develop effective communication.

Adolescents and adults often need continuing educational efforts to maintain and further develop their skills. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an example of  of teaching strategies and approaches in everyday life for people with autism.

Now - let's hope that companies will continue to employ people with autism. Below find a video of success stories from companies that have chosen to do so. 

No comments:

Post a Comment